WWII Radar Stations to Iron Age Caves: Check out these hidden gems from the English Heritage List

Adriana Lima
By Adriana Lima 6 Min Read
origin 1Low Chain Home Radar Station at Craster, Northumberland. ©Credit: Historic England

You need to discover a uncommon, untouched Second World War radar station this Christmas? Or maybe enterprise into an uncontaminated place Iron Age collapse Cornwall?

WELL Historic Englanda public physique that celebrates England’s spectacular historic atmosphere, has handpicked 16 “extraordinary gems” from 227 locations which were added to England’s nationwide heritage checklist in the final 12 months.

The checklist incorporates a beautiful manor home in Norfolk with interiors spanning 500 years of historical past, a formidable boat-shaped church and a small-scale non-public colliery from the early twentieth century.

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“This year we have surveyed and protected some extraordinary sites, which together give us a window into our rich and varied historic environment,” explains Duncan Wilson, chief govt of Historic England.

He provides: “The festive interval is a superb time to uncover extra about the historic locations round us. I encourage everybody to discover the heritage on our doorstep and add what they uncover to our Missing Pieces Project for all to see and luxuriate in.”

Below is a collection of the gems highlighted by Historic England.

Explore the enigmatic Cornish fog (Saint Just, Cornwall)

origin 1Lower Boscaswell Fogou in St Just, CornwallCredit: Steven Baker/Historic England

The oldest place in the checklist of historic points of interest of England is that this fog situated in Saint Just, Cornwall.

‘Fogou’, which comes from the Cornish language and means ‘cave’, refers to underground stone tunnels measuring up to 30 meters lengthy and a pair of meters extensive.

These distinctive buildings are usually characterised by an extended passage, often accompanied by a chamber and aspect passages.

Built throughout the Early Iron Age (500 BC to 200 BC), these fogous remained in use till Roman period (43 to 410 AD).

Remarkably scarce, solely 15 fogous are identified to exist in England, and notable that they’re all confined to Cornwall.

A shocking boat-inspired church (Fleetwood, Lancashire)

origin 1Interior of St Nicholas Church in Fleetwood, Lancashire.Credit: James O Davies/Historic England

This outstanding church is testomony to the architectural talent of Lawrence King, a number one post-war ecclesiastical architect, notably in the north of England.

Erected between 1960 and 1962, the constructing boasts a daring sculptural design resembling an overturned boat, an indicator of King’s inventive output.

King conceived the upside-down boat design to emphasize Fleetwood’s ruggedness maritime ties and devoted it to Saint Nicholas, patron saint of sailors.

Historic England explains: “Lawrence King was a talented designer and a major voice in adding artwork to churches after the Second World War (Faith Craft), who produced several works intended to beautify worship.”

WWII radar station reveals secrets and techniques of coastal protection (Craster, Northumberland)

origin 1Low Chain Home radar station at Craster, Northumberland.Credit: Alun Bull/Historic England

Built in 1941, this small WWII coastal radar station at Craster, Northumberland, was designed to detect and monitor the motion of German ships, in anticipation of a possible invasion of Britain.

Of the huge community of over 200 radar stations throughout the conflict, solely 75 have been designated as coastal protection or “low vary” stations.

Surprisingly, solely 8 of these survive in full or near-complete situation.

“They are a physical reminder of the tensions and fears of wartime and the need for a national defense system, which led to the construction of a chain of radar stations to protect the British coast,” explains Historic England.

Discover England’s oldest automotive wash relationship again to the seventeenth century (Barkway, Hertfordshire)

origin 1A carriage wash relationship again to the 1600s in Barkway, Hertfordshire.Credit: Historic England

Barkway Carriage Wash, often known as “carriage splash,” has graced the identical location since the seventeenth century, incomes it the title as the earliest identified instance of a “trendy automotive wash.”

This distinctive facility, one in every of solely 4 in England, had a twin function: to clear bus wheels and plates and at the identical time forestall wooden shrinkage from metallic rims by soaking the wheels.

The carriage’s brick-lined wash home incorporates a delicate slope main to the water, fastidiously calibrated to preserve an optimum depth for wheel immersion with out risking flooding of the carriage.

“Barkway was an important stop on the route from London to Cambridge and the north of England during the heyday of the coach era,” explains Historic England.

“It was identified to have been used into the twentieth century till carriages have been changed with vehicles. It is reported that residents keep in mind it getting used to fill steam tractors nicely into the twentieth century.”

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