The authorities new spatial development concept could make a whole lot of adjustments within the state funding coverage in city and rural areas of the nation. Land development coverage is promised to grow to be extra versatile and take note of the distinctive wants of individuals dwelling in city and rural areas. The deliberate adjustments embody rewriting the authorized framework and strengthening regional cooperation. The authorities additionally guarantees to enhance the state service minimal, the standard of regional public services, and create a regional development fund.
As we wrote about intimately earlier, based on the new course, the federal government will deal extra and higher with the development of areas with out the city core. In addition to sustaining the socio-economic factors of gravity of bigger cities, the new concept would more and more deal with small and medium-sized cities and guarantee their development.
There is not any contradiction between EU objectives and Hungarian plans
One of the principle causes for the change is that the European Union’s cohesion coverage has usually been criticized for being tailor-made to too massive areas. For this cause, it treats nearly every part as a uniform, homogeneous space, whereas there are important variations in development in particular person counties and even districts. In addition, the EU would more and more strengthen macro-regional cooperation between nations. The macro-regional initiatives of the European Union mainly reply to the challenges and alternatives of geographical areas that have an effect on too slim an space to be of direct curiosity to the EU as a complete, however on the identical time are too massive to might be managed successfully on the nationwide stage. State Secretary Gábor Mayer emphasizes that the new Hungarian development concept focuses on the development of areas with related traits, which should due to this fact be managed collectively from a development viewpoint, akin to functional city areas (i.e. the labor market catchment areas of enormous cities) and areas with no robust city core, however in his opinion, there is no such thing as a contradiction between the macro-regional method and the new Hungarian, national-level method.
“The goal of macro-regional initiatives is to not substitute nationwide and sub-national stage development coverage, however slightly to complement them,” the state secretary emphasised, and actually, he believes that the 2 approaches can particularly assist one another.
As Gábor Mayer defined, throughout the framework of the Danube Region Strategy, Hungary has established cooperation with different nations through which regional challenges and development alternatives are collectively managed. The strengthening of cross-border relations and entry to applications supported by the EU assist Hungary to implement the development of home areas extra effectively and sustainably.
Cross-border collaboration can create vital mass for development and foster synergies
There are many areas – such because the safety of pure and cultural heritage, making useful resource administration extra environment friendly, creating lacking transport connections, power safety – whose efficient development can solely be achieved by way of the cooperation of a number of nations, the joint efforts of the affected areas and establishments, and the trade of expertise “, the state secretary instructed Portfolio.
He believes that attending to know the worldwide practices included within the pilot tasks of the Danube Region Strategy and adopting experiences may also help Hungary enhance state service minimums and regional public services. “Macro-regional cooperation allows cooperation on a bigger, transnational scale, even in comparison with cross-border cooperation. Within this framework, sometimes 5-10, and even all 14 completely different (governmental, official, analysis, civil, and so on.) organizations of the Danube basin can cooperate with one another. All this gives a superb platform for sharing experiences, good practices, and growing joint options,” added Gábor Mayer.
He talked about the DARLINGe mission for example: it was geared toward assessing the deep geothermal power potential within the southern a part of the Pannonian basin, throughout which geothermal tasks had been additionally efficiently carried out in Bosnia and Slovenia. Based on these outcomes, a examine and e-learning course materials was ready within the framework of the EUDRS, which helps switch Hungarian geothermal experiences and data to different nations alongside the Danube. In addition, analysis into geothermal power has additionally begun in Croatia, getting ready for the new manufacturing of 600,000 MWh of electrical energy per yr from 2029, which represents important progress within the area of sustainable power manufacturing. Although the authorized setting and native wants are completely different, the options developed for widespread issues and good practices might be simply utilized. The sharing of experiences and outcomes by way of cross-border cooperation will not be solely useful for Hungary, but additionally creates alternatives for mutual studying and development for neighboring nations.
Can cross-border public services come?
As Gábor Mayer mentioned, cross-border coordination of territorial public services is crucial in the long run in areas the place the services of cities in neighboring nations are extra simply accessible for folks dwelling alongside the border. Programs and initiatives supported by the EU may also help to beat obstacles, akin to authorized, administrative, cultural and linguistic variations, in addition to obstacles arising from institutional variations. The prospects of EU funding and cooperation may also help within the development of institutional capability and in elevating the usual of public services.
Hungary’s at the moment efficient National Development and Territorial Development Concept emphasizes nearer cooperation between the nations of the Carpathian Basin and attracts consideration to the truth that we should make higher use of our widespread values and capabilities, thereby rising the area’s sustainable competitiveness
– added the knowledgeable, who defined that the Interreg applications carried out with EU assist additionally assist the creation, preparation and pilot launch of cross-border public services, in addition to the advance of the standard of current services. Moreover, in addition they create a chance for EU funding of associated analysis and evaluation. In the long run, he believes that the deepening of the cross-border coordination of services is turning into extra and extra mandatory to ensure that folks to have entry to particular person public features as rapidly as doable. As talked about, within the analysis of the EU directive on the enforcement of sufferers’ rights for cross-border well being care, the European Commission additionally discovered that the variations between the well being methods of particular person nations proceed to hinder cross-border cooperation.
“Therefore, the objective of the ACCESS strategic mission, carried out with the assist of the European Union within the Hungary-Slovakia Cross-Border Program, is exactly to disclose between 2023 and 2029 and facilitate the elimination of the authorized and administrative obstacles that make it tough for stronger integration and the next stage of cooperation in on a regular basis commuting and by way of entry to cross-border services”, added Gábor Mayer. The state secretary believes that the mixing of cross-border cooperation and services within the new Hungarian concept not solely helps the development of small areas, but additionally strengthens the relations between nations and sustainable development within the area. “Since the functional area-based method is a elementary component of the new Hungarian concept, sooner or later, cooperation between interstate or border areas and city areas might be imagined within the case of sure (public) services,” he declared. According to Gábor Mayer, this shall be doable primarily the place the place of supply of the duty might be reached a lot quicker on the opposite facet of the border, even with the time required to cross the border.
Cover picture: The signal representing the Slovakian-Hungarian border in the midst of the Mária Valéria bridge. MTVA/Bizományosi/Imre Faludi.