‘Full benefits of nuclear energy’ must be part of the plan to tackle climate change, says U.N. nuclear chief

William of England
By William of England 3 Min Read

Climate-warming hydrocarbons nonetheless provide greater than 80% of the world’s vitality, even after the trillions of {dollars} spent in the inexperienced transition of the previous 20 years, Rafael Grossi, director normal of the International Atomic Energy Agency advised the U.N. General Assembly.

Over 1 / 4 of the electrical energy from nuclear energy is low-carbon electrical energy and international carbon dioxide emissions would be significantly larger with out nuclear energy, Grossi mentioned.

Carbon dioxide is launched when fossil fuels similar to oil, coal or pure fuel are burned for energy. In the ambiance, the fuel traps warmth and contributes to the warming of the climate.

More than 400 nuclear reactors in over 30 nations are supplying international electrical energy, and Grossi mentioned greater than 50 are underneath building and lots of nations are extending their present nuclear applications.

But “nuclear power’s share of global electricity production decreased by about half” in the previous twenty years, he mentioned.

Grossi mentioned curiosity in nuclear energy is rising as a result of it can’t solely de-carbonize electrical energy grids however may de-carbonize different sectors together with producing sustainable warmth for houses and trade in addition to ingesting water from desalination operations.

And in Africa, the place electrical energy capability is ready to develop fivefold by 2050, and in Latin America, the place it’s forecast to double, nations are additionally taking a look at nuclear energy, the IAEA chief mentioned.

“Of the 30 or so countries that are currently either considering or embarking on the introduction of nuclear power, more than half are in the developing world, and most of these are in Africa,” Grossi mentioned.

According to the International Energy Agency, extra climate-warming carbon dioxide fuel was emitted in 2022 than in another yr in data courting to 1900, a consequence of air journey rebounding after the COVID-19 pandemic and extra cities turning to coal as a low-cost supply of energy.

Carbon dioxide emissions from vitality manufacturing grew 0.9% to attain 36.8 gigatons in 2022, the company reported in March.

Grossi mentioned the growing worldwide interest in nuclear energy has led the IAEA to enhance its excessive nuclear vitality projection to 873 gigawatts in 2050.

But he cautioned that “to achieve such growth will require a better investment playing field, one that takes into consideration the full benefits of nuclear.”

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