Energy crisis in Europe: have natural gas prices peaked?

Adriana Lima
By Adriana Lima 7 Min Read
origin 1Steam comes out of a cooling tower on the Lichterfelde gas-fired energy plant in Berlin, Germany. ©Michael Sohn/Copyright 2022 AP.

The approach worldwide vitality markets have responded to the battle in the Middle East between Hamas and Israel has been fairly attention-grabbing. While there have been some preliminary wobbles in oil markets, it was gas prices that absorbed the primary impression.

Natural gas prices rose 15% in October. At one level, they rallied 40% to an eight-month excessive, and provided that the geopolitical battle is happening towards the backdrop of a slowing economic system, it’s crucial to ask what path they’ll transfer in gas markets, particularly in Europe. ?

In the occasion of a full-blown conflict, as estimated by Bloomberg Economics, we may see the worldwide economic system enter a recession wiping out $1 trillion and oil prices hit $150. Of course, this may additionally ship gas markets skyrocketing. In reality, much more.

However, the next evaluation assumes that the conflict is contained or that no additional escalation happens. Furthermore, gas provides stay intact.

Winter climate may alter the trajectory of gas prices

Firstly, if we have a look at European gas provides, they’re 96% full. European inventories are +172 terawatt hours (TWh) above the 10-year seasonal common. If we have a look at historical past, the biggest withdrawal was -782 TWh, and provided that one other massive withdrawal is just not anticipated to happen, the outlook for Europe in phrases of gas availability stays constructive.

This can really change relying on the winter climate in Europe. In the brief time period, Europe is predicted to take pleasure in “warmer than average” temperatures in the direction of November. Due to the extended El Niño that may final till February 2024, it may create main climate modifications.

Additionally, there’s a risk that 2024 would be the warmest 12 months on file. However, it’s troublesome to precisely assess El Niño’s impression on Europe’s local weather, aside from one factor: it may well shift the local weather in the direction of each extremes.

The Eurozone economic system may decelerate demand for natural gas

Another purpose why gas prices could not stay in bullish territory for lengthy is as a result of slowdown in the worldwide economic system, and in specific the eurozone economic system.

The current HCOB Eurozone manufacturing PMI stood at 43 (a three-month low). The flash Eurozone S&P Global HCOB Composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), compiled by S&P Global and acknowledged as a dependable indicator of financial well-being, fell to 46.5 in October, down from 47.2 in September, marking the bottom level since November 2020. .

In Germany, Europe’s largest economic system, enterprise exercise contracted for the fourth consecutive month, with each the manufacturing and companies sectors exhibiting declines in response to the most recent PMI information.

France, the eurozone’s second-largest economic system, additionally reported a contraction in financial exercise in October, albeit with a marginal enchancment from September’s practically three-year low.

Across the Channel, the UK, now not a member of the EU, has seen a drop in enterprise exercise this month, elevating alarms a couple of potential recession forward of the Bank of England’s looming rate of interest resolution .

This may also be confirmed by the truth that European liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports have seen a major decline in gas demand in varied sectors in Germany. In the primary half of the 12 months, industrial gas consumption decreased by 54 TWh, with none indication of restoration.

Residential consumption additionally decreased by 37 TWh, whereas gas consumption in the vitality sector decreased by 4.4 TWh. Overall, this represents a lower of 9.8 billion cubic meters, marking a 13% drop in Germany’s gas consumption for the entire of 2022 in simply six months.

European gas worth forecast for the remainder of 2023

If this pattern continues, Europe’s largest gas market is predicted to contract by greater than 1 / 4 by the top of the 12 months. An identical pattern is noticed in different massive European gas shoppers comparable to Italy, the Netherlands and France.

Hedge funds have bought an equal of 125 billion cubic ft of gas futures over the previous week and on the time of writing, natural gas prices have fallen an additional 3% on the again of slowing demand.

However, going ahead, we are able to anticipate a slight improve in consumption, as indicated by the 1% improve in October (the primary year-over-year improve because the begin of the Russia-Ukraine conflict). Therefore, the market will stay liable to supply-side shocks, or quite to understand the specter of them.

Furthermore, European vitality markets are poised to expertise sharp swings in the approaching days as geopolitical uncertainty retains observers, merchants and analysts on their toes.

However, these indicators are helpful proof to determine that if the present battle stays contained, or doesn’t escalate additional, then gas markets will observe the same sample to grease markets as hedge funds and cash managers will proceed to be web. Sellers bought the equal of 57 million barrels in the week ending November 7 – a correction is due.

What does this imply for European residents

For the typical shopper and household, this brings extra uncertainty. As markets turn into topic to swings and volatility, this impacts shopper budgets as planning goes out the window.

Furthermore, if vitality prices proceed to stay in a bullish section, inflation, which lastly seems to be declining, will turn into sticky, negatively impacting spending energy which can subsequently put downward strain on the retail sector, which it’s already in stasis. According to Eurostat, there was a 2.9% decline in retail gross sales on a year-on-year (YoY) foundation.

Strategic hedging and cautious planning are advisable for individuals who personal and function companies. It will get bumpy going ahead.

Share This Article
Leave a comment